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2013 年 6 月英语四级考试考题试卷(2)

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  2013 年 6 月英语四级考试考题试卷(2)

  Part I Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start

  your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the importance of

  reading literature. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

\

  注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上

  ________________________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________________________

  Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the

  questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices

  marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given

  in the passage.

  School Lunch

  Ryan moved silently through the lunch line. The cook put a cheeseburger (奶酪汉堡)

  and an applesauce cup on his tray. He grabbed a bottle of milk from the cooler at the end

  of the line and found a seat in the cafeteria (食堂). Ryan saw that his friend Tyler ha

  brought lunch from home.

  "What did you bring today, Tyler?" he asked.

  Tyler pulled his meal out of its brown paper sack. "I've got a ham sandwich, chips,

  two cupcakes, and a can of soda."

  Ryan's mouth started to water. "Uh, Tyler," he said. "If you don't want one of those

  cupcakes, I'll take it. They sure look good. "

  Tyler handed Ryan his cupcake. "Sure," he said. "I won't eat all this."

  Lunch Requirements

  Is Ryan eating a healthy meal if he eats the school lunch? School lunch supporters

  say "Yes." Recent studies show that a government-approved school lunch has more

  variety and is more nutritious (有营养的) than most lunches brought from home. It's also

  lower in fat.

  The National School Lunch Act requires that school lunches go along with the

  Dietary Guidelines for Americans developed by the government. Meals must contain a

  variety of foods with plenty of grains and at least one fruit or vegetable each day. Foods

  must not contain too much sugar or salt.

  A hot lunch can contain up to 30% fat, but not more than 10% of its calories (卡路里)

  should come from saturated (饱和的) fat. In an average week, you should get one-third of

  the daily Recommended Dietary Allowances for protein, iron, calcium (钙), and vitamins

  A and C from your school lunch.

  Dare to Compare

  Let's compare Ryan's and Tyler's meals to sec which is healthier. Ryan's hot lunch

  (without the cupcake from his friend) has 577 calories, 25 grams of total fat. and 12 grams

  of saturated fat. He had one serving of fruit, 26 grams of protein, and 483 milligrams of

  calcium. Ryan ate more total fat (39%) and saturated fat (19%) than the dietary guidelines

  recommend. However, schools can still meet the guidelines by having the numbers

  average out over a week of lunches.

  Tyler's lunch from home (this includes both cupcakes) had 1 014 calories. 45 grams

  (40%) of total fat, and 10 grams (9%) of saturated fat. He ate 21 grams of protein and 155

  milligrams of calcium, but no fruits or vegetables. Tyler's meal met the saturated fat

  guidelines, but had too much total fat.

  Tyler ate more calories and total fat than Ryan did. Ryan ate more protein, calcium,

  and fruit than Tyler did. Which meal would you say is the healthier choice?

  À la Carte Options

  Federal standards and most school districts forbid selling food in the cafeteria that

  competes with the school lunch. Many programs do, however, offer à la carte choices for

  students who don't want the hot meal. Foods sold à la carte separate from the main meal

  and are priced individually. These foods do not have to meet the same nutritional

  standards as the foods on the hot lunch menu. Neither do the foods sold at a snack-bar or

  those foods available elsewhere in the school.

  A study in one Texas school district compared the lunches of fourth graders who did

  not have food choices with those of fifth graders who could choose either a standard

  lunch or select from a snack-bar. The fourth graders ate 25% more fruits and vegetables

  than the fifth graders.

  Food sold as fund-raisers can also have an impact on school lunch. The money

  raised is important to provide needed funds for many after-class activities. But the meal's

  overall nutritional quality usually goes down. Many of these foods are high in fat, sugar,

  or both, and often come in extralarge portions. Fundraisers rarely sell fruits and

  vegetables.

  Choosing Wisely

  School food-service programs are trying to please students, and still offer quality,

  nutritious meals at low cost. That task isn't easy. One school district in New York

  decided to do something about it. A student advisory board kept the food-service

  director up-to-date on what the kids wanted. They also worked with school snack-bars to

  sell smaller servings of chips and candy.

  You can make healthy meal choices at school even when not-so-healthy choices are

  available. You can be sure to get a nutritious meal when you pick foods from the Food

  Guide Pyramid. For example, always drink milk or a calcium-rich juice for lunch. Even

  chocolate milk is more nutritious than soda or a sports drink. Stay away from snack

  foods offered à la carte. They may fill you up now, but the ones that contain a lot of fat

  and sugar will slow you down later. Always eat the fruits and vegetables offered at the

  meal. They help give you the energy and vitamins you need to get you through the rest

  of your school day.

  Some people like to make fun of school lunches, but good nutrition is no laughing

  matter. Your school's hot lunch is based on the Food Guide Pyramid, so it's full of

  nutrition. Give it a try. You might be pleasantly surprised.

  It's a Team Effort

  Team Nutrition is a program that gets schools excited about healthy eating. Schools

  across the nation pick a team leader who develops fun nutrition activities. The leader

  works with students, teachers, parents, food-service workers, and people from the

  community. Activities can range from running a school health fair to planting a garden.

  At the Jordan Community School in Chicago, Illinois, one group of fifth graders

  showed off their "pizza (比萨饼) garden" in a big, colorful poster showing vegetarian

  pizzas. The students and foodservice staff planted and took care of the vegetables that

  they would later use as ingredients on their pizzas. The group started growing the plants

  in the school’s cafeteria. Then they moved them outdoors to the students' demonstration

  garden.

  This is just one way to get everyone involved in making school lunch healthy and

  fun. Team up with your own group and see how creative you can get.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答。

  1. What did Ryan do when he saw Tyler?

  A) He compared his lunch with Tyler's.

  B) He offered to share lunch with Tyler.

  C) He showed off his healthy lunch.

  D) He asked Tyler for a cupcake.

  2. What do recent studies show about government-approved school lunch?

  A) It compares favorably with home-made lunch.

  B) It is unpopular among students.

  C) It is supported by most parents.

  D) It contains fewer calories and is less expensive.

  3. According to the National School Lunch Act, school lunches must _______.

  A) offer various fruits and vegetables for students to choose

  B) comply with government-developed dietary guidelines

  C) provide low-fat, low-salt, nutritious foods at low prices

  D) contain protein, iron, calcium, and a variety of vitamins

  4. Tyler's home-prepared meal meets the Dietary Guidelines for Americans in terms of

  _______.

  A) vitamins B) minerals C) total fat D) saturated fat

  5. What do we learn about foods provided a la carte in schools?

  A) They are purchased separately.

  B) They are prepared on the spot.

  C) They meet the same nutritional standards.

  D) They satisfy the needs of choosy students.

(责任编辑:张严今)

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