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2011年6月大学英语四级考试考题

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  全真试题

  Part I

  Writing

  (30 minutes)

  注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1上。

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Online

  Shoping. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

  1.

  2.

  3.

  现在网上购物已成为一种时尚

  网上购物有很多好处,但也有不少问题

  我的建议

  Part II

  Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the

  questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7,choose the best answer from the

  four choices marked A),B),C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with

  the information given in the passage.

  British Cuisine: the Best of Old and New

  British cuisine(烹饪) has come of age in recent years as chefs(厨师) combine the best of old

  and new.

  Why does British food have a reputation for being so bad? Because it is bad! Those are not the

  most encouraging words to hear just before eating lunch at one of Hong Kong’s smartest British

  restaurants, Alfie’s by KEE, but head chef Neil Tomes has more to say.

  “The past 15 years or so have been a noticeable period of improvement for food in England,”

  the English chef says, citing the trend in British cuisine for better ingredients, preparation and

  cooking methods, and more appealing presentation. Chef such as Delia Smith, Nigel Slater, Jamie

  Oliver and Gordon Ramsay made the public realise that cooking – and eating – didn’t have to be a

  boring thing. And now, most of the British public is familiar even with the extremes of Heston

  Blumenthal’s molecular gastronomy, a form of cooking that employs scientific methods to create

  the perfect dish.

  “It’s no longer the case that the common man in England is embarrassed to show he knows

  about food,” Tomes says.

  There was plenty of room for improvement. The problems with the nation’s cuisine can be

  traced back to the Second World War. Before the war, much of Britain’s food was imported and

  when German U-boats began attacking ships bringing food to the country, Britain went on

  rations(配给).

  “As rationing came to an end in the 1950s, technology picked up and was used to

  They weren’t looking for cured meats, organic produce or beautiful presentation; they were

  looking for whatever they could get their hands on, and this prioritisation of quantity over quality

  prevailed for decades, meaning a generation was brought up with food that couldn’t compete with

  neighbouring France, Italy, Belgium or Spain.

  Before star chefs such as Oliver began making cooking fashionable, it was hard to find a

  restaurant in London that was open after 9pm. But in recent years the capital’s culinary(烹饪的)

  scene has developed to the point that it is now confident of its ability to please the tastes of any

  international visitor.

  With the opening of Alfie’s in April, and others such as The Pawn, two years ago, modern

  British food has made its way to Hong Kong. “With British food, I think that Hong Kong restaurant

  are keeping up,” says David Tamlyn, the Welsh executive chef at The Pawn in Wan Chai.

  “Hong Kong diners are extremely responsive to new ideas or presentations, which is good

  news for new dishes.”

  Chefs agree that diners in Hong Kong are embracing the modern British trend. Some

  restaurants are modifying the recipes(菜谱)of British dishes to breathe new life into the classics,

  while other are using better quality ingredients but remaining true to British traditional and tastes.

  Tamlyn is in the second camp. “We select our food very particulary. We use US beef, New

  Zealand lamb and for our custards(牛奶蛋糊) we use Bird’s Custard Powder,” Tamlyn says. “Some

  restaurants go for custard made fresh with eggs, sugar and cream, but British custard is different,

  and we stay true to that.”

  Matthew Hill, senior manager at the two-year-old SoHo restaurant Yorkshire Pudding, also

  uses better ingredients as a means of improving dishes. “There are a lot of existing perceptions

  about British food and so we can’t alter these too much. We’re a traditional British restaurant so

  there are some staples(主菜) that will remain essentially unchanged.”

  These traditional dishes include fish and chips, steak and kidney pie and large pieces of roasted

  meats. At Alfie’s, the newest of the British restaurants in town and perhaps the most gentlemen’s

  club-like in design, Neil Tomes explains his passion for provenance(原产地). “Britain has started to

  become really proud of the food it’s producing. It has excellent organic farms, beautifully crafted

  cheeses, high-quality meats.”

  However, the British don’t have a history of exporting their foodstuffs, which makes it difficult

  for restaurants in Hong Kong to source authentic ingredients.

  “We can get a lot of our ingredients once a week from the UK,” Tamlyn explains. “But there is

  also pressure to buy local and save on food miles, which means we take our vegetables from the

  local markets, and there are a lot that work well with British staples.”

  The Phoenix, in Mid-Levels, offers the widest interpretation of “British cuisine”, while still

  trying to maintain its soul. The gastro-pub has existed in various locations in Hong Kong since 2002.

  Singaporean head chef Tommy Teh Kum Chai offers daily specials on a blackboard, rather than

  sticking to a menu. This enables him to reinterpret British cuisine depending on what is available in

  the local markets.

  “We use a lot of ingredients that people wouldn’t perhaps associate as British, but are presented

  in a British way. Bell peppers stuffed with couscous, alongside ratatouille, is a very popular dish.”

  Although the ingredients may not strike diners as being traditional, they can be found in dishes

  across Britain.

  Even the traditional chefs are aware of the need to adapt to local tastes and customs, while

  mass-produce food,” Tomes says. “And by then people were just happy to have a decent quantity of

  food in their kitchens.”

  maintaining the Brutishness of their cuisine.

  At Yorkshire Pudding, Hill says that his staff asks diners whether they would like to share their

  meals. Small dishes, shared meals and “mixing it up” is not something commonly done in Britain,

  but Yorkshire Pudding will bring full dished to the table and offer individual plates for each dinner.

  “That way, people still get the presentation of the dishes as they were designed, but can carve them

  up however they like,” Hill says.

  Some British traditions are too sacred(神圣的) to mess with, however, Tomes says. “I’d never

  change a full English breakfast.”

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 1上作答。

  1.

  2.

  3.

  What is British food generally known for?

  A) Its unique flavor.

  B) Its bad taste.

  C) Its special cooking methods.

  D) Its organic ingredients.

  The Second World War led to ____ in Britain.

  A) an inadequate supply of food

  B) a decrease of grain production

  C) an increase in food import

  D) a change in people’s eating habits

  Why couldn’t Britain compete with some of its neighboring countries in terms of food in the

  post-war decades?

  A) Its food lacked variety.

  B) Its people cared more for quantity.

  C) It was short of well-trained chefs.

  D) It didn’t have flavorful food ingredients.

  4.

  5.

  With culinary improvement in recent years, London’s restaurants are now able to appeal to the

  tastes of ____.

  A) most young people

  B) elderly British diners

  C) all kinds of overseas visitors

  D) upper-class customers

  What do Hong Kong diners welcome, according to Welsh executive chef David Tamlyn?

  A) Authentic classic cuisine.

  B) Locally produced ingredients.

  C) New ideas and presentations.

  D) The return of home-style dishes.

  6.

  7.

  While using quality ingredients, David Tamlyn insists that the dishes should ____.

  A) benefit people’s health

  B) look beautiful and inviting

  C) be offered at reasonable prices

  D) maintain British traditional tastes

  Why does Neil Tomes say he loves food ingredients from Britain?

  A) They appeal to people from all over the world.

  B) They are produced on excellent organic forms.

  C) They are processed in a scientific way.

  D) They come in a great variety.

  8.

  9.

  Tamlyn says that besides importing ingredients from Britain once a week, his restaurant also

  buys vegetables from ____.

  The Phoenix in Mid-Levels may not use British ingredients, but presents its dishes ____.

  10. Yorkshire Pudding is a restaurant which will bring full dishes to the table but offer plates to

  those diners who would like to ____.

  Part III

  Listening Comprehension

  (35 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the

  end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said.

  Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question

  there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B),

  C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter

  on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2上作答。

  11. A) He is careless about his appearance.

  B) He is ashamed of his present condition.

  C) He changes jobs frequently.

  D) He shaves every other day.

  12. A) Jane may be caught in a traffic jam.

  B) Jane should have started a little earlier.

  C) He knows what sort of person Jane is.

  D) He is irritated at having to wait for Jane.

  13. A) Training for the Mid-Atlantic Championships.

  B) Making preparations for a trans-Atlantic trip.

  C) Collecting information about baseball games.

  D) Analyzing their rivals’ on-field performance.

  14. A) He had a narrow escape in a car accident.

  B) He is hospitalized for a serious injury.

  C) He lost his mother two weeks ago.

  D) He has been having a hard time.

  15. A) The woman has known the speaker for a long time.

  B) The man had difficulty understanding the lecture.

  C) The man is making a fuss about nothing.

  D) The woman thinks highly of the speaker.

  16. A) He has difficulty making sense of logic.

  B) Statistics and logic are both challenging subjects.

  C) The woman should seek help from the tutoring service.

  D) Tutoring services are very popular with students.

  17. A) Her overcoat is as stylish as Jill’s.

  B) Jill missed her class last week.

  C) Jill wore the overcoat last week.

  D) She is in the same class as the man.

  18. A) A computer game.

  B) An imaginary situation.

  C) An exciting experience.

  D) A vacation by the sea.

  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19. A) Beautiful scenery in the countryside.

  B) Dangers of cross-country skiing.

  C) Pain and pleasure in sports.

  D) A sport he participates in.

  20. A) He can’t find good examples to illustrate his point.

  B) He can’t find a peaceful place to do the assignment.

  C) He doesn’t know how to describe the beautiful country scenery.

  D) He can’t decide whether to include the effort part of skiing.

  21. A) New ideas come up as you write.

  B) Much time is spent on collecting data.

  C) A lot of effort is made in vain.

  D) The writer’s point of view often changes.

  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  22. A) Journalist of a local newspaper.

  B) Director of evening radio programs.

  C) Producer of television commercials.

  D) Hostess of the weekly “Business World”.

  23. A) He ran three restaurants with his wife’s help.

  B) He and his wife did everything by themselves.

  C) He worked both as a cook and a waiter.

  D) He hired a cook and two local waitresses.

  24. A) He hardly needs to do any advertising nowadays.

  B) He advertises a lot on radio and in newspapers.

  C) He spends huge sums on TV commercials every year.

  D) He hires children to distribute ads in shopping centers.

  25. A) The restaurant location.

  B) The restaurant atmosphere.

  C) The food variety.

  D) The food price.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will

  hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.

  After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices

  marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2

  with a single line through the centre.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2上作答。

  Passage One

  Questions 26 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  26. A) Its protection is often neglected by children.

  B) It cannot be fully restored once damaged.

  C) There are many false notions about it.

  D) There are various ways to protect it.

  27. A) It may make the wearer feel tired.

  B) It will gradually weaken the eyes of adults.

  C) It can lead to the loss of vision in children.

  D) It can permanently change the eye structure.

  28. A) It can never be done with high technology.

  B) It is the best way to restore damaged eyesight.

  C) It is a major achievementin eye surgery.

  D) It can only be partly accomplished now.

  Passage Two

  Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  29. A) They think they should follow the current trend.

  B) Nursing homes are well-equipped and convenient.

  C) Adult day-care centers are easily accessible.

  D) They have jobs and other commitments.

  30. A) They don’t want to use up all their life savings.

  B) They fear they will regret it afterwards.

  C) They would like to spend more time with them.

  D) They don’t want to see their husbands poorly treated.

  31. A) Provide professional standard care.

  B) Be frank and seek help from others.

  C) Be affectionate and cooperative.

  D) Make use of community facilities.

  Passage Three

  Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  32. A) Health and safety conditions in the workplace.

  B) Rights and responsibilities of company employees.

  C) Common complaints made by office workers.

  D) Conflicts between labor and management.

  33. A) Replace its out-dated equipment.

  B) Improve the welfare of affected workers.

  C) Follow the government regulations strictly.

  D) Provide extra health compensation.

  34. A) They requested to transfer to a safer department.

  B) They quit work to protect their unborn babies.

  C) They sought help from union representatives.

  D) They wanted to work shorter hours.

  35. A) To show how they love winter sports.

  B) To attract the attention from the media.

  C) To protect against the poor working conditions.

  D) To protect themselves against the cold weather.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the

  first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for

  the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the

  exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required

  to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words

  you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when

  the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2上作答。

  Contrary to the old warning that time waits for no one, time slows down when you are on the

  move. It also slows down more as you move faster, which means astronauts(宇航员) someday may

  (36)

  so long in space that they would return to an Earth of the (37)

  could move at the speed of light, your time would stand still. If you could move faster than light,

  your time would move (38)

  Although no form of matter yet (39)

  experiments have already confirmed that accelerated (41)

  stretched. Albert Einstein (42) this in 1905, when he (43)

  future. If you

  .

  moves as fast as or faster than light, (40)

  causes a traveler’s time to be

  the concept of relative

  time as part of his Special Theory of Relativity. A search is now under way to confirm the suspected

  existence of particles of matter (44)

  .

  An obsession(沉迷) with time—saving, gaining, wasting, losing, and mastering it—(45)

  . Humanity also has been obsessed with trying to capture the meaning of time. Einstein (46)

  .

  Thus, time and time’s relativity are measurable by any hourglass, alarm clock, or an atomic clock

  that can measure a billionth of a second.

  Part IV

  Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)

  (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word

  for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read

  the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is

  identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer

  Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in

  the bank more than once.

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  The popular notion that older people need less sleep than younger adults is a myth, scientists

  said yesterday.

  While elderly people

  this has a(n) effect on their brain's performance and they would benefit from getting more,

  according to research.

  47

  to sleep for fewer hours than they did when they were younger,

  48

  Sean Drummond, a psychiatrist (心理医生) at the University of California, San Diego, said

  that older people are more likely to suffer from broken sleep, while younger people are better at

  sleeping

  49

  straight through the night.

  More sleep in old age, however, is

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