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Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the remark "Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's need, but not every man's greed." You can cite examples to illustrate your point. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A) , B) , C) and D) . For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
Welcome, Freshmen. Have an iPod.
Taking a step that many professors may view as a bit counterproductive, some colleges and universities are doling out Apple iPhones and Internet-capable iPods to their students.
The always-on Internet devices raise some novel possibilities, like tracking where students gather together. With far less controversy, colleges could send messages about canceled classes, delayed buses, campus crises or just the cafeteria menu.
While schools emphasize its usefulness-online research in class and instant polling of students, for example - a big part of the attraction is, undoubtedly, that the iPhone is cool and a hit with students. Being equipped with one of the most recent cutting-edge IT products could just help a college or university foster a cutting-edge reputation.
Apple stands to win as well, hooking more young consumers with decades of technology purchases ahead of them. The lone losers, some fear, could be professors.
Students already have laptops and cell phones, of course, but the newest devices can take class distractions to a new level. They practically beg a user to ignore the long-suffering professor struggling to pass on accumulated wisdom from the front of the room - a prospect that teachers find most irritating and students view as, well, inevitable.
"When it gets a little boring, I might pull it out," acknowledged Naomi Pugh, a first-year student at Freed- Hardeman University in Henderson, Tenn., referring to her new iPod Touch, which can connect to the Internet over a campus wireless network. She speculated that professors might try even harder to make classes interesting if they were to compete with the devices.
Experts see a movement toward the use of mobile technology in education, though they say it is in its infancy as professors try to come up with useful applications. Providing powerful hand-held devices is sure to fuel debates over the role of technology in higher education.
"We think this is the way the future is going to work," said Kyle Dickson, co-director of research and the mobile learning initiative at Abilene Christian University in Texas, which has bought more than 600 iPhones and 300 iPods for students entering this fall.
Although plenty of students take their laptops to class, they don't take them everywhere and would prefer something lighter. Abilene Christian settled on the devices after surveying students and finding that they did not like hauling around their laptops, but that most of them always carried a cell phone, Dr. Dickson said.
It is not clear how many colleges and universities plan to give out iPhones and iPods this fall; officials at Apple were unwilling to talk about the subject and said that they would not leak any institution's plans.
"We can't announce other people's news," said Greg Joswiak, vice president of iPod and iPhone marketing at Apple. He also said that he could not discuss discounts to universities for bulk purchases.
At least four institutions - the University of Maryland, Oklahoma Christian University, Abilene Christian and Freed-Hardeman- have announced that they will give the devices to some or all of their students this fall.
Other universities are exploring their options. Standford University has hired a student-run company to design applications like a campus map and directory for the iPhone. It is considering whether to issue iPhones but not sure it's necessary, noting that more than 700 iPhones were registered on the university's network last year.
At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, iPhones might already have been everywhere, if AT&T. the wireless carrier offering the iPhone in the United States, had a more reliable network, said Andrew Yu, mobile devices platform project manager at M.I.T.
"We would have probably gone ahead with this, maybe just getting a thousand iPhones and giving them out," Mr. Yu said.
The University of Maryland at College Park is proceeding cautiously, giving the iPhone or iPod Touch to 150 students, said Jeffrey Huskamp, vice president and chief information officer at the university. "We don't think that we have all the answers," Mr. Huskamp said. By observing how students use the gadgets, he said. "We're trying to get answers from the students."
At each college, the students who choose to get an iPhone must pay for mobile phone service. Those service contracts include unlimited data use. Both the iPhones and the iPod Touch devices can connect to the Internet through campus wireless networks. With the iPhone, those networks may provide faster connections and longer battery life than AT&T's data network. Many cell phones allow users to surf the Web, but only some newer ones are capable of wireless connection to the local area computer network.
University officials say that they have no plans to track their students (and Apple said it would not be possible unless students give their permission). They say that they are drawn to the prospect of learning applications outside the classroom, though such lesson plans have yet to surface.
"My colleagues and I are studying something called augmented reality (a field of computer research dealing with the combination of real-world and virtual reality)," said Christopher Dede, professor in learning technologies at Harvard University, "Alien Contact," for example, is an exercise developed for middle-school students who use hand-held devices that can determine their location. As they walk around a playground or other area, text, video or audio pops up at various points to help them try to figure out why aliens were in the schoolyard.
"You can imagine similar kinds of interactive activities along historical lines," like following the Freedom Trail in Boston, Professor Dede said. "It's important that we do research so that we know how well something like this works."
The rush to distribute the devices worries some professors, who say that students are less likely to participate in class if they are multi-tasking. "I'm not someone who's anti-technology, but I'm always worried that technology becomes an end in and of itself, and it replaces teaching or it replaces analysis." said Ellen Millender, associate professor of classics at Reed College in Portland, Ore. (She added that she hoped to buy an iPhone for herself once prices fall.)
Robert Summers, who has taught at Cornell Law School for about 40 years, announced this week in a detailed, footnoted memorandum - that he would ban laptop computers from his class on contract law.
"I would ban that too if I knew the students were using it in class." Professor Summers said of the iPhone, after the device and its capabilities were explained to him. "What we want to encourage in these students is an active intellectual experience, in which they develop the wide range of complex reasoning abilities required of good lawyers."
The experience at Duke University may ease some concerns. A few years ago, Duke began giving iPods to students with the idea that they might use them to record lectures (these older models could not access the Internet).
"We had assumed that the biggest focus of these devices would be consuming the content," said Tracy Futhey, vice president for information technology and chief information officer at Duke.
But that is not all that the students did. They began using the iPods to create their own "content." making audio recordings of themselves and presenting them. The students turned what could have been a passive interaction into an active one. Ms. Futhey said.
1. Many professors think that giving out Apple iPhones or Internet-capable iPods to students _______.
A) updates teaching facilities in universities
B) has started a revolution in higher education
C) can facilitate teacher-student interaction
D) may not benefit education as intended
2. In the author's view, being equipped with IT products may help colleges and universities ________.
A) build an innovative image
B) raise their teaching efficiency
C) track students' activities
D) excite student interest in hi-tech
3. The distribution of iPhones among students has raised concerns that they will ________.
A) induce students to buy more similar products
B) increase tension between professors and students
C) further distract students from class participation
D) prevent students from accumulating knowledge
4. Naomi Pugh at Freed-Hardeman University speculated that professors would ________.
A) find new applications for iPod Touch devices
B) have to work harder to enliven their classes
C) have difficulty learning to handle the devices
D) find iPhones and iPods in class very helpful
5. Experts like Dr. Kyle Dickson at Abilene Christian University think that _________.
A) mobile technology will be more widely used in education
B) the role of technology in education cannot be overestimated
C) mobile technology can upgrade professors' teaching tool-kit
D) iPhones and iPods will replace laptops sooner or later
6. What do we learn about the University of Maryland at College Park concerning the use of iPhones and iPods?
A) It has sought professors' opinions.
B) It has benefited from their use.
C) It is trying to follow the trend.
D) It is proceeding with caution.
7. University officials claim that they dole out iPhones and iPods so as to _________.
A) encourage professors to design newer lesson plans
B) help improve professor-student relationships
C) facilitate students' learning outside of class
D) stimulate students' interest in updating technology
8. Ellen Millender at Reed College in Portland is concerned that technology will take the place of ________________.
9. Professor Robert Summers at Cornell Law School banned laptop computers from his class because he thinks qualified lawyers need to possess a broad array of ____________________.
10. The experience at Duke University may ease some concerns because the students have used iPods for active ________________.
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions：In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was waid. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.
11. A) She has completely recovered.
B) She went into shock after an operation.
C) She is still in a critical condition.
D) She is getting much better.
12. A) Ordering a breakfast.
B) Booking a hotel room.
C) Buying a train ticket.
D) Fixing a compartment.
13. A) Most borrowers never returned the books to her.
B) The man is the only one who brought her book back.
C) She never expected anyone to return the books to her.
D) Most of the books she lent out came back without jackets.
14. A) She left her work early to get some bargains last Saturday.
B) She attended the supermarket's grand opening ceremony.
C) She drove a full hour before finding a parking space.
D) She failed to get into the supermarket last Saturday.
15. A) He is bothered by the pain in his neck.
B) He cannot do his report without a computer.
C) He cannot afford to have a coffee break.
D) He feels sorry to have missed the report.
16. A) Only top art students can show their works in the gallery.
B) The gallery space is big enough for the man's paintings.
C) The woman would like to help with the exhibition layout.
D) The man is uncertain how his art works will be received.
17. A) The woman needs a temporary replacement for her assistant.
B) The man works in the same department as the woman does.
C) The woman will have to stay in hospital for a few days.
D) The man is capable of dealing with difficult people.
18. A) It was better than the previous one.
B) It distorted the mayor's speech.
C) It exaggerated the city's economic problems.
D) It reflected the opinions of most economists.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A) To inform him of a problem they face.
B) To request him to purchase control desks.
C) To discuss the content of a project report.
D) To ask him to fix the dictating machine
20. A) They quote the best price in the market.
B) They manufacture and sell office furniture.
C) They cannot deliver the steel sheets on time
D) They cannot produce the steel sheets needed.
21. A) By marking down the unit price.
B) By accepting the penalty clauses.
C) By allowing more time for delivery.
D) By promising better after-sales service.
22. A) Give the customer a ten percent discount.
B) Claim compensation from the steel suppliers.
C) Ask the Buying Department to change suppliers.
D) Cancel the contract with the customer.
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23. A) Stockbroker.
24. A) Improve computer programming.
B) Explain certain natural phenomena.
C) Predict global population growth.
D) Promote national financial health.
25. A) Their different educational backgrounds.
B) Changing attitudes toward nature.
C) Chaos theory and its applications.
D) The current global economic crisis.
Directions：In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some question. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only onece. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
26. A) They lay great emphasis on hard work.
B) They name 150 star engineers each year.
C) They require high academic degrees.
D) They have people with a very high IQ.
27. A) Long years of job training.
B) High emotional intelligence.
C) Distinctive academic qualifications.
D) Devotion to the advance of science.
28. A) Good interpersonal relationships.
B) Rich working experience.
C) Sophisticated equipment.
D) High motivation.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29. A) A diary.
B) A fairy tale.
C) A history textbook.
D) A biography.
30. A) He was a sports fan.
B) He loved adventures.
C) He disliked school.
D) He liked hair-raising stories.
31. A) Encourage people to undertake adventures.
B) Publicize his colorful and unique life stories.
C) Raise people's environmental awareness.
D) Attract people to America's national parks.