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四六级阅读:阅读10大技巧,助你提升分数

来源:中公网校    发布时间:2017-03-22 15:24:00   点击量:

  阅读占到总成绩的35%,而且总共有3大题型,即仔细阅读、段落匹配和选词填空。这三大题型在复习时都应该认真准备。中公四六级小编针对阅读这三大题型,给大家总结了10大技巧。

  技巧一

  仔细阅读定位是关键。一般情况下,题目顺序与文章的行文顺序基本一致,因此可以根据这个“顺序原则”确定大致的段落。然后根据题干中的定位词具体在段落中进行定位。如果题目较难,可能会存在题目顺序与行文顺序不一致情况,那么就必须根据题干中的定位词去精确定位了。

  举例说明:

  题目

  1.What does the author say about immigrants in America?

  A) They all hope to gain citizenship and enjoy the welfare.

  B) They come to America with different dreams and purposes.

  C) Their background may determine whether they benefit the American people.

  D) Their cultures affect the extent to which they will achieve success in America.

  原文

  Many current discussions of immigration issues talk about immigrants in general, as if they were abstract people in an abstract world. But the concrete differences between immigrants from different countries affect whether their coming here is good or bad for the American people(P1)

  题目是第一题,那么基本对应于文章的第一自然段啦。

  技巧二

  仔细阅读当在两个选项间徘徊不定时,要重新审题,比对两个选项与对应句信息,同义替换的选项或与原文主旨一致的选项可能是正确答案。一定要注意,基本照抄原文的选项是干扰选项的可能性大。

  技巧三

  仔细阅读要重点注意转折处(but/however/yet)信息以及递进关系(moreover/also/furthermore/in addition)信息。

  题目

  56. What does the author say about some leading-edge companies?

  A) They operate in accordance with government policies.

  B) They take initiatives in handling environmental wastes.

  C) They are key drivers in their nations' economic growth.

  D) They are major contributors to environmental problems.

  原文

  International governments, inaction concerning sustainable development is clearly worrying but the proactive (主动出击的) approaches of some leading-edge companies are encouraging. Toyota, Wal-Mart, DuPont, M & S and General Electric have made tackling environmental wastes a key economic driver.

  大家可以看到,在选择的两个题目中,原文处都含有“but”一词,并且正确答案都在“but”之后,可见这一现象非常普遍绝非偶然。

  技巧四

  含有绝对性词汇的选项错误几率较高。如:no,all,only,must,little,always,none.

  技巧五

  仔细阅读中有一类题型是推理题,即在题干中包含“infer/conclude/conclusion/indicate/learn/imply”等词的题目,答案位置一般会在转折处或段尾处。

  题目:

  56. What do we learn about new science Ph.D.s in the United States today?

  A) They lack the skills and expertise needed for their jobs.

  B) They can choose from a wider range of well-paying jobs.

  C) They often have to seek jobs outside the academic circle.

  D) They are regarded as the nation's driving force of change.

  原文:

  There was a time not long ago when new science Ph. D.s in the United States were expected to pursue a career path in academia(学术界). But today, most graduates end up working outside academia, not only in industry but also in careers such as science policy, communications, and patent law. Partly this is a result of how bleak the academic job market is, but there's also a rising awareness of career options that Ph.D. scientists haven't trained for directly-but for which they have useful knowledge, skills, and experience.

  技巧六

  注意段落信息匹配题的题干中经常把数字写成英文的形式,而非阿拉伯数字,这样来形成干扰。请考生务必看清。比如:2013年12月的题目中用的是half,原文给的是50%;题目中用的是one tenth,原文写的是 10%.

  技巧七

  段落信息匹配题先看题目后看文章。看题目时,关键词的选择很重要,直接决定你能否快速找到,找对段落。一般在选择关键词时,以先选择名词及名词词组为主。一个题目要选择2-3个关键词。

  技巧八

  段落信息匹配题中,题目与原文出现同义替换时,正确几率最高。在某段出现某题干的一个原词时,不要贸然选择,关注一下其他信息有没有在该段落出现。

  技巧九

  选词填空最后完成,一定要优先完成你百分百确认词性的空格,不确定词性的先跳过。

  技巧十

  选词填空一定要优先考虑并列结构,其次考虑固定搭配,这样可以多得分数。

  想了解更多方法技巧的同学、想要短期内提升分数的同学,可以了解中公四六级的课程,现在有优惠活动!

(责任编辑:张严今)

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