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四六级阅读:考试倒计时98天任务卡

来源:中公网校    发布时间:2017-03-11 15:24:00   点击量:

  今天跟中公四六级小编一起开始阅读做题模式吧。

  题目

  Many men and women have long bought into the idea that there are “male” and “female” brains, believing that explains just about every difference between the sexes. A new study ---1--- that belief, questioning whether brains really can be distinguished by gender.

  In the study, Tel Aviv University researchers ---2--- for sex differences the entire human brain.

  And what did they find? Not much. Rather than offer evidence for ---3--- brains as “male” or “female,” research shows that brains fall into a wide range, with most people falling right in the middle.

  Daphna Joel, who led the study, said her research found that while there are some gender-based ---4----, many different types of brain can’t always be distinguished by gender.

  While the “average” male and “average” female brains were ---5--- different, you couldn’t tell it by looking at individual brain scans. Only a small ---6--- of people had “all-male” or “all-female” characteristics.

  Larry Cahill, an American neuroscientist (神经科学家),said the study is an important addition to a growing body of research questioning ---7--- beliefs about gender and brain function. But he cautioned against concluding from this study that all brains are the same, ---8--- of gender.

  “There’s a mountain of evidence ---9--- the importance of sex influences at all levels of brain function,” he told The Seattle Times.

  If anything, he said, the study ---10--- that gender plays a very important role in the brain “even when we are not clear exactly how.”

  A) abnormal B) applied C) briefly D) categorizing

  E) challenges F) figure G) percentage H) proving

  I) regardless J) searched K) similarities L) slightly

  M) suggests N) tastes O) traditional

  解析

  1.E空格前是句子主语a new study,空格处应填入谓语动词,再根据时态和主谓一致原则,此处可填入的备选项为challenges和suggests或tastes,再根据后文的questioning锁定答案为challenges,这里的challenge是动词,表“怀疑”。

  2.J 根据主谓宾的常识以及时态要求将答案缩小在searched和applied之间,再看空格后面的搭配为for, search for 意思为寻找,apply for的意思是申请,根据语境答案为searched。

  3.D 根据介词后面需要搭配名词或动名词的原则,确认该空格应在名词性质的备选项中选择,在根据前后文语义应该填入 categorizing, categorize A as B or C,把A分为B或C; categorize brains as “male”or“female” ,把大脑分为男性的或女性的。

  4.K 空格前gender-based做形容词,该空格应该填入名词词性,再根据空格前的逻辑词while表对比这一用法,确定while从句与主句是对比关系,主句中有difference一词,故将答案锁定为 similarities。

  5.L 空格前是系动词,空格后是形容词,此处应该填入副词故而在slightly和briefly之间进行选择,再根据语义将答案确定为slightly。

  6.G 根据词性搭配和small一词的用法,将答案锁定为percentage,a small percentage of 表示一小部分。

  7.O 空格后面belief是名词,空格处优先填形容词,再根据前文语义将答案确定为traditional。

  8.I 此题主要考察单词的固定搭配,regardless of 表示无论,从语法还是语义均符合要求,故而选regardless。

  9.H 根据原文,此处从语法方面考虑需要填一个非谓语动词,再根据前文语义故而选择 providing.

  10.M 句子主语是study,故应填动词第三人称单数形式,根据语义,只有suggests符合。

(责任编辑:张严今)

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