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四六级写作:四六级写作常用替换词汇

来源:中公网校    发布时间:2017-04-28 13:06:00   点击量:

  考友热荐:强力助学四六级 赢战高分强出击

  在英语四六级写作考试中,如果说语言、结构、思想这三者哪个更重要的时候,其实各位亲们一定要明白,在阅卷人眼中语言最重要。其他两者相对次要一些。

  为什么?因为四六级写作大抵就是写3-4段,所以各位写的作文结构基本趋同。其次,在120-200词的作文中,想要写出非常深邃、思想深刻的作文可能性也不大,因此在阅卷人几十秒的阅卷过程中,只有语言能在短期内迅速打动阅卷人。

  了解这个情况,我们在平时写作练习时,就要有意识地去替换作文中的较低端词汇,而用高端词汇来替换。因此中公四六级小编给大家把常用的替换词汇全部列出。

  当然,小编也要温馨提示一下大家:虽说是替换词,但每个词之间又有微妙的差别,所以小编给大家提供了例句,大家可细细体会,实际运用时,根据语境选择最恰当的词。

  一、重要的 important

  ❶ vital ['vaɪt(ə)l]

  She had found out some information of vital importance. 她已经发现了一些至关重要的信。

  ❷ crucial ['kruːʃ(ə)l]

  It is crucial that the problem is tackled immediately. 立即着手解决这个问题是至关重要的。

  ❸ prominent ['prɒmɪnənt]

  This considerable increase in investment played a prominent role in fueling economic growth. 投资的较大幅度增加,对拉动经济增长发挥了明显作用。

  ❹ cardinal ['kɑːd(ɪ)n(ə)l]

  Respect for life is a cardinal principle of English law. 尊重生命是英国法律最重要的原则。

  二、优秀的 good

  ❶ excellent ['eks(ə)l(ə)nt]

  She has always had a high reputation for her excellent short stories. 她一直因其优秀的短篇小说享有很高的声望。

  ❷ outstanding [aʊt'stændɪŋ]

  The girl who won the scholarship was quite outstanding. 得奖学金的女孩是相当优秀的。

  ❸ extraordinary [ɪkˈstrɔːdnri]

  Her strength of will was extraordinary. 她的意志力是非凡的。

  ❹ remarkable [rɪ'mɑːkəb(ə)l]

  The economic diplomacy of China is characterized by distinctive features and remarkable achievements. 中国的经济外交具有鲜明的特点和卓越的成就。

  三、有趣的 interesting

  ❶ amusing [ə'mjuːzɪŋ]

  Do not hesitate to laugh at anything you find amusing. 只要觉得好笑就尽管笑。

  ❷ entertaining [entə'teɪnɪŋ]

  This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film. 这部电影令人捧腹,却又发人深省。

  ❸ engaging [ɪn'geɪdʒɪŋ]

  His engaging personality made him popular with his peers. 他迷人的个性使他深受同龄人的喜爱。

  四、有活力的 energetic

  ❶ dynamic [daɪ'næmɪk]

  South Asia continues to be the most dynamic economic region in the world. 南亚仍然是世界上最具活力的经济区。

  ❷ vigorous ['vɪg(ə)rəs]

  We urge vigorous action to be taken immediately. 我们强烈要求立即采取有力措施。

  ❸ animated ['ænɪmeɪtɪd]

  His observations gave rise to an animated and lively discussion. 他的言论引起了一场气氛热烈而活跃的讨论。

  五、充足的 abundant

  ❶ ample ['æmp(ə)l]

  Agriculture has developed rapidly, thus providing light industry with ample raw materials. 农业迅速发展,从而为轻工业提供了充足的原料。

  ❷ plentiful ['plentɪfʊl]

  Hot climate and plentiful rainfall favor the growth of plants. 炎热的气候和充足的雨水有助于植物生长。

  ❸ generous ['dʒen(ə)rəs]

  No one is expecting a very generous pay increase this year. 没有人指望今年会有大幅度的工资增长。

  六、勇敢的 brave

  ❶ courageous [kə'reɪdʒəs]

  The pioneers are courageous indeed, overcoming one difficulty after another. 这些开拓者的确有勇气,他们克服了一个又一个的困难。

  ❷ bold [bəʊld]

  Big, successful moves need bold, masterful managers. 重大而成功的举措需要既大胆又善于控制局势的经理来实施。

  ❸ fearless ['fɪəlɪs]

  To go in for technical innovation, one must have the fearless spirit of a path breaker. 搞技术革新就要有一股不怕困难的闯劲。

  七、合理的 reasonable

  ❶ sound [saʊnd]

  She gave me some very sound advice. 她给了我一些非常合理的建议。

  ❷ rational ['ræʃ(ə)n(ə)l]

  There is no rational explanation for his actions. 对他的所作所为无法作出合理的解释。

  ❸ sensible ['sensɪb(ə)l]

  It would seem more sensible to apply standards flexibly rather than rigidly. 灵活地运用标准比死守标准会显得更合情合理。

  八、著名的 famous

  ❶ renowned [rɪ'naʊnd]

  The region is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty. 该地区以其无以伦比的自然风景闻名于世。

  ❷ noticeable ['nəʊtɪsəb(ə)l]

  The class has made noticeable improvement. 这个班已有引人注目的进步。

  ❸ notable ['nəʊtəb(ə)l]

  The book stands out as one of the notable landmarks in the progress of modern science. 这部著作是现代科学发展史上著名的里程碑之一。

  九、有益的 helpful

  ❶ favorable ['feɪvərəbl]

  Such events occur only when the external conditions are favorable. 这种事情只有在外部条件有利时才会发生。

  ❷ beneficial [benɪ'fɪʃ(ə)l]

  It can be beneficial to share your feelings with someone you trust. 向自己信任的人倾诉感情是很有益处的。

  ❸ rewarding [rɪ'wɔːdɪŋ]

  It is a very rewarding exercise to work this out oneself. 独自解决这个问题是一次受益匪浅的锻炼。

  十、许多 many

  ❶ numerous ['njuːm(ə)rəs]

  Numerous factories have sprung up in this once desolate area. 过去这一带满目苍凉, 现在却有了无数的工厂。

  ❷ a host of

  The special theory of relativity has raised a host of questions. 狭义相对论引出了许多问题。

  ❸ multitude of

  I was awed by the multitude of stars in the night sky. 夜空中的繁星震撼了我。

  十一、不同的 different

  ❶ various ['veərɪəs]

  These data have been collected from various sources. 这些数据是从各方面搜集来的。

  ❷ a variety of

  A variety of heavy industries grew up alongside the port. 各种重工业沿着港口逐渐发展起来。

  ❸ diverse [daɪ'vɜːs]

  People hold diverse attitudes toward these new regulations. 人们对于这些新规定抱有不同的态度。

  十二、普遍的 common

  ❶ commonplace ['kɒmənpleɪs]

  Yet on the most commonplace occasion I can never know your thoughts. 然而即便在最普通的事情上我也琢摸不透你的心思。

  ❷ universal [juːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l]

  Such problems are a universal feature of senior citizens. 这类问题是老年人的通病。

  ❸ pervasive [pə'veɪsɪv]

  It is the most pervasive compound on earth. 它是地球上最普遍的化合物。

  十三、唯一的 only

  ❶ solely ['səʊllɪ]

  Success should not be measured solely by educational achievement. 成功与否不应只用学业成绩来衡量。

  ❷ unique [juː'niːk]

  The examples are unique to this dictionary. 这些例证是这部词典独有的。

  ❸ merely ['mɪəlɪ]

  You are merely reciting facts that you have learned by rote. 你只是在背诵自己死记硬背下来的东西。

  十四、贫穷的 poor

  ❶ needy ['niːdɪ]

  Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support. 穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计。

  ❷ impoverished [ɪm'pɒvərɪʃt]

  The rural people have been impoverished by a collapsing economy. 经济崩溃使农村地区的人们一贫如洗。

  ❸ in poverty

  He was bred up in poverty. 他是在贫苦的生活环境中长大的。

  十五、富裕的 rich

  ❶ wealthy ['welθɪ]

  All of them came from wealthy, upper class families. 他们全部来自富有的上流社会家庭。

  ❷ well-heeled ['wel'hi:ld]

  Both families are reasonably well-heeled and comfortably-off. 两家人都相当富有,都生活得很舒适。

  ❸ well-to-do

  She comes from a well-to-do family. 她出身于一个小康之家。

  十六、大的 big

  ❶ vast [vɑːst]

  The pollution has already turned vast areas into a wasteland. 污染已经使大片地区沦为不毛之地。

  ❷ massive ['mæsɪv]

  We needed to reskill our workforce to cope with massive technological change. 我们得让工人学习新技能,以应对巨大的技术变革。

  ❸ enormous [ɪ'nɔːməs]

  The enormous difficulty makes him cynical about the feasibility of the idea. 巨大的困难让他对这个主意是否可行持怀疑态度

  十七、新的 new

  ❶ brand-new

  Net Electronic Map has become a brand-new way for showing the geographic information.网上电子地图已成为一种全新的地理信息展示方式。

  ❷ fresh [freʃ]

  The company set to make a fresh start under a new broom. 公司准备在新任领导的带领下开创新局面。

  ❸ novel ['nɒv(ə)l]

  Protesters found a novel way of demonstrating against steeply rising oil prices. 抗议者找到了抗议油价飞涨的新办法。

  十八、有害的 harmful

  ❶ damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]

  Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment. 许多化学物质都对环境有破坏性的影响。

  ❷ ruinous ['ruːɪnəs]

  The decision has proved to be ruinous. 事实证明这个决定造成了危害。

  ❸ destructive [dɪ'strʌktɪv]

  The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm. 这座城市遭受了这场暴风雨的巨大破坏力。

  十九、困难的 difficult

  ❶ demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]

  He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job. 他发现自己已无力应对这份劳神费力的工作了。

  ❷ laborious [lə'bɔːrɪəs]

  They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree. 他们要完成砍伐大树的艰苦工作。

  ❸ formidable ['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l] He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

  他承担起改革整个系统的艰巨任务。

  二十、无聊的 boring

  ❶ dull [dʌl]

  The conference was deadly dull. 会议开得死气沉沉的。

  ❷ tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]

  I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day. 日复一日做相同的工作让我觉得非常无聊。

  ❸ tedious ['tiːdɪəs]

  He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious. 会读书和思考的人不会感到长夜无聊或者生活乏味。

(责任编辑:张严今)

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